The 'Umrah Haj is sometimes called the 'minor pilgrimage' or 'lesser pilgrimage', the Hajj being the 'major' pilgrimage. The Hajj is compulsory for every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it while the Umrah is not but highly recommended. The ʿUmrah Hajj can be performed at any time of the year, in contrast to the Hajj.
The 'Umrah is derived from al-i'timar which means a visit. Here it means paying a visit to Ka'ba, performing tawaf around it, walking Safa and Marwah seven times, and then shaving one's head or cutting one's hair short. Read more