Tawaf is circumambulation around the Ka’ba. Ibn ‘Abbas reported that Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “Every day Allah descends a hundred and twenty folds of His Mercy to His slaves who perform Hajj (to His House). Sixty-folds of these are specified for people performing tawaf, fort-fold for those who pray there, and twenty for those who took at the Ka’ba.”
Tawaf involves seven times circumambulations around the Ka’ba which the pilgrims perform during the hajj and ‘umrah, in a counter clockwise direction. This circling is believed to demonstrate the unity of the believers in the worship of the One God, as they move in harmony together around the Ka’ba, while supplicating to Allah. Muslims do not worship Ka’ba. They worship what it represents.
Tawaf is the best form of ibadah to perform other than the obligatory salah in the Haram. It is sunnah to perform a tawaf of Ka’ba as a salutation to the Sacred Mosque upon entering it, unlike other mosques where on entering them a two rakah salah is performed as a salutation to the mosque.
Before starting tawaf, there is no requirement to make intention audibly as the intention is in the heart. The total number of circuits is always seven regardless of the type of tawaf one is intending to do. The majority of the scholars agree unanimously that the form of the tawaf whether obligatory or recommended, is that the pilgrim begins at al-hajar al-aswad.
|Types of tawaf||Who perform this?||Idtiba’a required?||Raml (jog) required?||Clothing requirement?||Is there any sa’i after tawaf?|
|‘Umrah Tawaf||Tammattu hajj performer||Yes, men are required to adopt Idtiba’a.||Yes, ramal is required by men. Only the first 3 rounds of the tawaf. No ramal for women. Women walk normally in all 7 rounds.||Ihram attire||Yes|
|Welcome Tawaf (Tawaf-al-Qudoom)||Qiran and Ifrad hajj performer||Yes, men are required to adopt Idtiba’a||Yes, ramal is required by men. Only the first 3 rounds of the tawaf. No ramal for women. Women walk normally in all 7 rounds.||Ihram attire||Recommended for Qiran hajj performer and optional for Ifrad hajj performer.|
|Tawaf for Hajj (Tawaf-al-Ifada)||Tammattu, Qiran and Ifrad hajj performer||No Idtiba’a||No ramal. Men and women walk normally in all 7 rounds||Normally not in Ihram attire, unless you perform it prior to the cutting of your hair||Yes, sa’i is must for Tammattu and Qiran hajj performer. If the Ifrad hajj performer did not do it after Welcome Tawaf, then they will be doing now.|
|Farewell Tawaf (Tawaf-al-Widaa)||Tammattu, Qiran and Ifrad hajj performer||No Idtiba’a||No ramal. Men and women walk normally in all 7 rounds||Normal clothes||No|
|Nafl Tawaf (Supererogatory Tawaf)||Tammattu, Qiran and Ifrad hajj performer||No Idtiba’a||No ramal. Men and women walk normally in all 7 rounds||Normal clothes||No|
Entering the Masjid-al-Haram
بِسْمِ اللهِ وَ الصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ
أَعُوْبِاللهِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيْمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرِّجِيْمِ، اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِىْ أبْوَا بَ رَحْمَتِكَ
Avoid performing tawaf in groups and following and reciting behind a “leader”
بِسْمِ اللهِ وَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ
بِسْمِ اللهِ وَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ("Rabbana aathina fiddunyaa hassanatan wa fill aakihirati hasanatan wa qinna athabannar").
اللهُ أَكْبَرuntil completed all seven circuits.
وَاتَّخِذُوامِنْ مَقَامِ إبْرَاهِيْمَ مُصَلَّى(“Wattakhithu min Maqaami Ibraheema musallaa.”)(“And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.”)